Review Of Acne Medications

The financial cost of acne is staggering, over 5 million doctor visits costing over 2.5 BILLION dollars in immediate costs every year alone in the United States with over 3.5 million doctor visits in the United Kingdom.  The time factor to take off work to go to the doctor and the continuing costs associated with acne treatment multiplies the cost figures multiple times over. With 90% of the population being affected by acne it can be a lifetime battle well past your 40’s and generally affects a few more women then men.

Antibiotics:  Commonly Erythromycin, Clindamycin, Metronidazole, Tetraycycline (Doxycycline, minocycline).  Topical Erythromycin and clindamycin are also used.

Benzoyl Peroxide Cream:  Generally a first medication used for acne and generally can cure most cases safely and affectively. Benzoyl peroxide may be combined with a topical anti-infection or retinoid, for example, benzoyl peroxide/clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide/adapalene, respectively.

Topical Retinoids:  These work by normalizing the cell life cycle at the follicale.  Such as Tretinoin, Adapalene, Tazarotene.  Generally a first or second line of treatment after Benzoyl Peroxide.

Oral Retinoids:  Isotretinoin is one of the most effective treatments for extreme and moderate acne that is not responding to other treatments.  Usually improvement is seen a month or two after starting.  However it has many negative side effects like dry skin, nose bleeds, muscle pain, and more.

Hormones:  Ladies can be aided by using hormones such as oral contraceptives such as desogestrel, norgestimate, drospirenone or antiandrogens like spironolactone.

Salicylic Acide:  Is a topical beta hydroxyl acid that while successful in opening skin pores and shedding dead skin cells it is less effective then using other retinoids.

Azelaic Acid:  A very safe and effective acne treatment due to it’s antibacterial and antikeratinizing properties.

Above lists out the most common Acne medications that are prescribed by most doctors to treat acne in today’s day and age.

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